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Irish emigration

mis à jour le 24/01/2016


famine_pt.jpg

séquence de DNL pour comprendre les causes de l'émigration irlandaise au XIXe siècle.

mots clés : Europe, Etats-Unis, émigration, Irlande, famine


Les documents d'accroche

 
un texte trouvé sur ce site
http://spartacus-educational.com/USAEireland.htm

 
In 1850 an Irish settler who had been living in Wisconsin for twelve months wrote a letter to The Times in London (14th May, 1850)

I am exceedingly well pleased at coming to this land of plenty. On arrival I purchased 120 acres of land at $5 an acre. You must bear in mind that I have purchased the land out, and it is to me and mine an "estate for ever", without a landlord, an agent or tax-gatherer to trouble me. I would advise all my friends to quit Ireland — the country most dear to me; as long as they remain in it they will be in bondage and misery.
What you labour for is sweetened by contentment and happiness; there is no failure in the potato crop, and you can grow every crop you wish, without manuring the land during life. You need not mind feeding pigs, but let them into the woods and they will feed themselves, until you want to make bacon of them.
I shudder when I think that starvation prevails to such an extent in poor Ireland. After supplying the entire population of America, there would still be as much corn and provisions left us would supply the world, for there is no limit to cultivation or end to land. Here the meanest labourer has beef and mutton, with bread, bacon, tea, coffee, sugar and even pies, the whole year round — every day here is as good as Christmas day in Ireland.
 


la première séance a été consacrée à rechercher le vocabulaire inconnu et à approfondir la compréhension en répondant à une série de questions.

Present the document (author, date, context…)

1.    Why did the author leave Ireland? Find two reasons in the text
2.    Where did he live when he wrote this letter?
3.    What do you thing about his description of his life in America.
4.    Describe his feelings about Ireland



Searching for potatoes in a stubble field
The  Illustrated London News. [Dec. 15, 1849.]
 

To study further

 
Web quest:

To answer the first question, find more reasons to explain the situation in Ireland in the 1840’s

Work by group: each group works on a topic:
natural reasons, economic reasons, politic reasons, social reasons

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/victorian_britain/famine_and_emigration/

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/ireland-1845-to-1922/the-great-famine-of-1845/

Final task: create all together a mind map showing the factors of Irish emigration to the United States

(Les élèves ont utilisé le logiciel gratuit Freemind)

exemple 1
- exemple 2
 
Pour approfondir

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Inyjgmsz20

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vTxxRqbv_Kk


Watch and listen to these videos and complete the information with the article below

http://immigrationtounitedstates.org/528-great-irish-famine.html


Final task:
Form small groups. Each group should:
Imagine you are an Irish family during the Potato Famine deciding whether or not to emigrate to America.

1. Using information from the articles, the videos, discuss the conditions in Ireland, the dangers of the trip to America.
2. Weighing the conditions and dangers, decide whether or not you would emigrate to America.
 
Ce travail a été évalué à l'oral : les élèves ont écrit leur texte, l'ont appris et enregistré.

Quelques exemples :

 
   


 

Bilan


Les élèves dans un premier temps ont trouvé difficile certains des articles proposés en raison du vocabulaire nouveau. Le fait de travailler en salle multimédia a permis d'accéder à des dictionnaires en ligne, ils ont pu aller à leur rythme pour visionner les vidéos et ainsi déterminer les causes de l'émigration des Irlandais.
La plupart des groupes se sont acquittés sérieusement de la seconde tâche finale et ont réutilisé vocabulaire et notions rencontrés au cours de la séquence.
 
auteur(s) :

Claudie Ferchaud, webmestre HG

information(s) pédagogique(s)

niveau : 2nde

type pédagogique : démarche pédagogique

public visé : enseignant

contexte d'usage : classe, salle multimedia

référence aux programmes : Les Européens et le peuplement de la Terre de l’Antiquité au XIX

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